Lesson Plans


One of the keys to successful teaching is a well-developed lesson plan in which you state your goals for a particular lesson and the means by which you plan to achieve those goals. As you prepare for your micro-teaching lessons, consider the following points: 

  1. Select Your Topics and Objectives:
    Assuming no prior knowledge on the part of your audience, design activities to reach a communicative language goal in a culturally appropriate manner. Be sure to formulate your objective(s) before planning your lesson.
  2. Plan Your Lesson: It should consist of four phases:
    1. Presentation - First, present the new material (function(s), grammar, or vocabulary). Assume no prior knowledge of the language; you must teach it all! (Make sure you address a different topic in each microteaching lesson).
    2. Practice - In this phase, students have a chance to work with the material you have presented. A meaningful (or at least mechanical) drill activity is suggested here.
    3. Application - Students show you and themselves what they can do with what you have taught them. Communicative (or at least meaningful) activity is expected here.
    4. Assessment - Evaluate whether your students learned what you wanted them to learn. You can do this several ways: an additional communicative activity, mini-quiz; have them tell you what they have learned (in English).